A Trip Into the Past of Gibraltar
What should you know about Gibraltar?
Gibraltar is an amazing corner of Spain and it falls into the category of places that you have to visit at least once in your lifetime. Gibraltar is one of the earliest inhabited regions in Spain, so history plays an important role in its life. The Greeks and the Romans had a very strong say in everything that represents Gibraltar, so they are the reason it looks as it does today.
The history of a great place
It all started in 711, when a Berber army found a rock and decided to conquer it. This is how Gibraltar came to life, as the Moors found the place to be the perfect spot to build a castle. It is this castle that now looks towards Africa, right over the strait that separates the two continents. About six hundred years passed before the castle was conquered by the Christians, who put an end to Moorish rule; however, this was only for a very short period of time, because the Moors thought that Gibraltar was too important for them to lose, so they tried to re-conquer it... and they succeeded.
The year 1462 is the last year of Moorish rule, as the Christians had the final word in the battle over Gibraltar. Very dark days came after 1462 for Gibraltar, as its history is very tumultuous during the War of the Spanish Succession. In 1713, Gibraltar was declared a possession of Great Britain under the Utrecht Treaty, but the Spaniards did not agree, so they fought during the 18th century to regain control; tourists can still visit the galleries which date back to this century. The beginning of the 19th century was a very prosperous period for Gibraltar, which became a very important trading center.
During the Second World War, the few inhabitants of Gibraltar had to leave their homes because the government decided that it represented the perfect location for the garrison. Even though the War ended in the fifth decade of the last century, it was only in the 90s that the garrison left Gibraltar. It is interesting that Gibraltar still has the title of military base when the largest part of its income is now the result of tourism. Great Britain and Spain continue to dispute ownership of the land, as they both see it as very important. It is an important, truly unique part of the world, so take advantage of one of your holidays and visit it.
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