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History of Hyderabad

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Hyderabad is one of the fastest growing cities in India. It is the center for many industrial, commercial, and IT establishments blended with ancient structures and traditions which provide glimpses of splendid history of the city. Hyderabad with a history of over 400 years, is rich in diverse cultures.

The history of Hyderabad begins in 1512 after Quli Qutb Shah seized power from Bahamani kingdom and established the fortress city and kingdom of Golconda. Golconda was later named as Hyderabad after the name of Hyder Mahal, wife of Quli Qutb Shah. All the seven rulers of the Qutb Shahi dynasty were great builders, who contributed to the growth and development of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in the city. Hyderabad became one of the leading markets of diamonds, pearls, steel for arms and printed fabric during the reign of Qutb Shahi. They ruled the Deccan nearly for 171 years.

The glory, fame and abundant prosperity of Hyderabad attracted the powerful Mughal emperor Aurangazeb to attack Hyderabad. After a long eight month seize, Aurangazeb captured Hyderabad in 1687. Aurangazeb expanded his Mughal empire covering the entire sub continent. However his empire rapidly declined after his death in 1707.

Mir Quamaruddin, the then Governor of the Deccan established Asif Jahi dynasty in 1724 and declared independence from Mughal rule. Asif Jahi dynasty ruled right up to 1948 nearly for 224 years. During this period Persian, Urdu, Telugu, and Marathi developed simultaneously. Irrespective of their religion, deserving persons were given highest official positions. Nizam won friendship with British and French and continued to rule. The Nizams contributed to the growth and development of Hyderabad both economically and culturally. They built huge reservoirs like the Nizam Sagar, Tungabadra, Osman Sagar and Himayath Sagar. The state had its own currency, mint, postal system and railways.

Hyderabad became the capital city of Andhra Pradesh on November 1, 1956. Today it is called as Greater Hyderabad and has grown from 175 sq.km. To 650 sq.km. It is regarded as a major IT hub as many IT and ITES have set up their operations here. It has numerous fortune 500 companies. Hyderabad has three central universities, two deemed universities and six state universities. It is the financial and economical capital of the state.

The history of Hyderabad is rich and diverse. As many different dynasties ruled the city, many diversified monuments, cultures, and traditions have evolved. And Hyderabadis have developed a distinct culture, which is a mixture of both ancient Hindu and Islamic cultures.

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History of Hyderabad

Hyderabad, India



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